```------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- The Agda standard library
--
-- Heterogeneous equality
------------------------------------------------------------------------

module Relation.Binary.HeterogeneousEquality where

open import Data.Product
open import Function
open import Function.Inverse using (Inverse)
open import Data.Unit.NonEta
open import Level
open import Relation.Nullary
open import Relation.Binary
open import Relation.Binary.Consequences
open import Relation.Binary.Indexed as I using (_at_)
open import Relation.Binary.PropositionalEquality as P using (_≡_; refl)

import Relation.Binary.HeterogeneousEquality.Core as Core

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Heterogeneous equality

infix 4 _≇_

open Core public using (_≅_; refl)

-- Nonequality.

_≇_ : ∀ {ℓ} {A : Set ℓ} → A → {B : Set ℓ} → B → Set ℓ
x ≇ y = ¬ x ≅ y

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Conversion

open Core public using (≅-to-≡)

≡-to-≅ : ∀ {a} {A : Set a} {x y : A} → x ≡ y → x ≅ y
≡-to-≅ refl = refl

≅-to-type-≡ : ∀ {a} {A B : Set a} {x : A} {y : B} →
x ≅ y → A ≡ B
≅-to-type-≡ refl = refl

≅-to-subst-≡ : ∀ {a} {A B : Set a} {x : A} {y : B} → (p : x ≅ y) →
P.subst (λ x → x) (≅-to-type-≡ p) x ≡ y
≅-to-subst-≡ refl = refl

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Some properties

reflexive : ∀ {a} {A : Set a} → _⇒_ {A = A} _≡_ (λ x y → x ≅ y)
reflexive refl = refl

sym : ∀ {ℓ} {A B : Set ℓ} {x : A} {y : B} → x ≅ y → y ≅ x
sym refl = refl

trans : ∀ {ℓ} {A B C : Set ℓ} {x : A} {y : B} {z : C} →
x ≅ y → y ≅ z → x ≅ z
trans refl eq = eq

subst : ∀ {a} {A : Set a} {p} → Substitutive {A = A} (λ x y → x ≅ y) p
subst P refl p = p

subst₂ : ∀ {a b p} {A : Set a} {B : Set b} (P : A → B → Set p) →
∀ {x₁ x₂ y₁ y₂} → x₁ ≅ x₂ → y₁ ≅ y₂ → P x₁ y₁ → P x₂ y₂
subst₂ P refl refl p = p

subst-removable : ∀ {a p} {A : Set a}
(P : A → Set p) {x y} (eq : x ≅ y) z →
subst P eq z ≅ z
subst-removable P refl z = refl

≡-subst-removable : ∀ {a p} {A : Set a}
(P : A → Set p) {x y} (eq : x ≡ y) z →
P.subst P eq z ≅ z
≡-subst-removable P refl z = refl

cong : ∀ {a b} {A : Set a} {B : A → Set b} {x y}
(f : (x : A) → B x) → x ≅ y → f x ≅ f y
cong f refl = refl

cong-app : ∀ {a b} {A : Set a} {B : A → Set b} {f g : (x : A) → B x} →
f ≅ g → (x : A) → f x ≅ g x
cong-app refl x = refl

cong₂ : ∀ {a b c} {A : Set a} {B : A → Set b} {C : ∀ x → B x → Set c}
{x y u v}
(f : (x : A) (y : B x) → C x y) → x ≅ y → u ≅ v → f x u ≅ f y v
cong₂ f refl refl = refl

resp₂ : ∀ {a ℓ} {A : Set a} (∼ : Rel A ℓ) → ∼ Respects₂ (λ x y → x ≅ y)
resp₂ _∼_ = subst⟶resp₂ _∼_ subst

proof-irrelevance : ∀ {ℓ} {A B : Set ℓ} {x : A} {y : B}
(p q : x ≅ y) → p ≡ q
proof-irrelevance refl refl = refl

isEquivalence : ∀ {a} {A : Set a} →
IsEquivalence {A = A} (λ x y → x ≅ y)
isEquivalence = record
{ refl  = refl
; sym   = sym
; trans = trans
}

setoid : ∀ {a} → Set a → Setoid _ _
setoid A = record
{ Carrier       = A
; _≈_           = λ x y → x ≅ y
; isEquivalence = isEquivalence
}

indexedSetoid : ∀ {a b} {A : Set a} → (A → Set b) → I.Setoid A _ _
indexedSetoid B = record
{ Carrier       = B
; _≈_           = λ x y → x ≅ y
; isEquivalence = record
{ refl  = refl
; sym   = sym
; trans = trans
}
}

≡↔≅ : ∀ {a b} {A : Set a} (B : A → Set b) {x : A} →
Inverse (P.setoid (B x)) (indexedSetoid B at x)
≡↔≅ B = record
{ to         = record { _⟨\$⟩_ = id; cong = ≡-to-≅ }
; from       = record { _⟨\$⟩_ = id; cong = ≅-to-≡ }
; inverse-of = record
{ left-inverse-of  = λ _ → refl
; right-inverse-of = λ _ → refl
}
}

decSetoid : ∀ {a} {A : Set a} →
Decidable {A = A} {B = A} (λ x y → x ≅ y) →
DecSetoid _ _
decSetoid dec = record
{ _≈_              = λ x y → x ≅ y
; isDecEquivalence = record
{ isEquivalence = isEquivalence
; _≟_           = dec
}
}

isPreorder : ∀ {a} {A : Set a} →
IsPreorder {A = A} (λ x y → x ≅ y) (λ x y → x ≅ y)
isPreorder = record
{ isEquivalence = isEquivalence
; reflexive     = id
; trans         = trans
}

isPreorder-≡ : ∀ {a} {A : Set a} →
IsPreorder {A = A} _≡_ (λ x y → x ≅ y)
isPreorder-≡ = record
{ isEquivalence = P.isEquivalence
; reflexive     = reflexive
; trans         = trans
}

preorder : ∀ {a} → Set a → Preorder _ _ _
preorder A = record
{ Carrier    = A
; _≈_        = _≡_
; _∼_        = λ x y → x ≅ y
; isPreorder = isPreorder-≡
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Convenient syntax for equational reasoning

module ≅-Reasoning where

-- The code in Relation.Binary.EqReasoning cannot handle
-- heterogeneous equalities, hence the code duplication here.

infix  4 _IsRelatedTo_
infix  3 _∎
infixr 2 _≅⟨_⟩_ _≡⟨_⟩_ _≡⟨⟩_
infix  1 begin_

data _IsRelatedTo_ {ℓ} {A : Set ℓ} (x : A) {B : Set ℓ} (y : B) :
Set ℓ where
relTo : (x≅y : x ≅ y) → x IsRelatedTo y

begin_ : ∀ {ℓ} {A : Set ℓ} {x : A} {B} {y : B} →
x IsRelatedTo y → x ≅ y
begin relTo x≅y = x≅y

_≅⟨_⟩_ : ∀ {ℓ} {A : Set ℓ} (x : A) {B} {y : B} {C} {z : C} →
x ≅ y → y IsRelatedTo z → x IsRelatedTo z
_ ≅⟨ x≅y ⟩ relTo y≅z = relTo (trans x≅y y≅z)

_≡⟨_⟩_ : ∀ {ℓ} {A : Set ℓ} (x : A) {y C} {z : C} →
x ≡ y → y IsRelatedTo z → x IsRelatedTo z
_ ≡⟨ x≡y ⟩ relTo y≅z = relTo (trans (reflexive x≡y) y≅z)

_≡⟨⟩_ : ∀ {ℓ} {A : Set ℓ} (x : A) {B} {y : B} →
x IsRelatedTo y → x IsRelatedTo y
_ ≡⟨⟩ x≅y = x≅y

_∎ : ∀ {a} {A : Set a} (x : A) → x IsRelatedTo x
_∎ _ = relTo refl

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Functional extensionality

-- A form of functional extensionality for _≅_.

Extensionality : (a b : Level) → Set _
Extensionality a b =
{A : Set a} {B₁ B₂ : A → Set b}
{f₁ : (x : A) → B₁ x} {f₂ : (x : A) → B₂ x} →
(∀ x → B₁ x ≡ B₂ x) → (∀ x → f₁ x ≅ f₂ x) → f₁ ≅ f₂

-- This form of extensionality follows from extensionality for _≡_.

≡-ext-to-≅-ext : ∀ {ℓ₁ ℓ₂} →
P.Extensionality ℓ₁ (suc ℓ₂) → Extensionality ℓ₁ ℓ₂
≡-ext-to-≅-ext           ext B₁≡B₂ f₁≅f₂ with ext B₁≡B₂
≡-ext-to-≅-ext {ℓ₁} {ℓ₂} ext B₁≡B₂ f₁≅f₂ | P.refl =
≡-to-≅ \$ ext′ (≅-to-≡ ∘ f₁≅f₂)
where
ext′ : P.Extensionality ℓ₁ ℓ₂
ext′ = P.extensionality-for-lower-levels ℓ₁ (suc ℓ₂) ext

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- The old inspect on steroids

-- The old inspect on steroids idiom has been deprecated, and may be
-- removed in the future. Use simplified inspect on steroids instead.

module Deprecated-inspect-on-steroids where

-- Inspect on steroids can be used when you want to pattern match on
-- the result r of some expression e, and you also need to "remember"
-- that r ≡ e.

data Reveal_is_ {a} {A : Set a} (x : Hidden A) (y : A) : Set a where
[_] : (eq : reveal x ≡ y) → Reveal x is y

inspect : ∀ {a b} {A : Set a} {B : A → Set b}
(f : (x : A) → B x) (x : A) → Reveal (hide f x) is (f x)
inspect f x = [ refl ]

-- Example usage:

-- f x y with g x | inspect g x
-- f x y | c z | [ eq ] = ...

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Simplified inspect on steroids

-- Simplified inspect on steroids can be used when you want to pattern
-- match on the result r of some expression e, and you also need to
-- "remember" that r ≡ e.

record Reveal_·_is_ {a b} {A : Set a} {B : A → Set b}
(f : (x : A) → B x) (x : A) (y : B x) :
Set (a ⊔ b) where
constructor [_]
field eq : f x ≅ y

inspect : ∀ {a b} {A : Set a} {B : A → Set b}
(f : (x : A) → B x) (x : A) → Reveal f · x is f x
inspect f x = [ refl ]

-- Example usage:

-- f x y with g x | inspect g x
-- f x y | c z | [ eq ] = ...
```