TIN093/DIT602, Period 1, 2017: Algorithms
Email: add "(at)chalmers.se", unless said otherwise.
- Aristide Tossou (aristide)
- Erland Holmström (erland)
- Inari Listenmaa (inari.listenmaa(at)cse.gu.se)
- Markus Aronsson (mararon)
- Victor Lopez Juan (lopezv)
- Yu-Ting Chen (yutingc)
- Student representatives: Victor Tardieu (tardieu),
Denis Furian (den.furian(at)gmail.com), Christopher Meszaros
Jan Phillip Bläs (gusblasja(at)student.gu.se),
Simon Ceder (guscedersi(at)student.gu.se), Karl Strigen (strigen).
- Exam with solutions.
- Exam review: to be announced.
- Re-exam: Wednesday 20 December, morning.
- Exam aids: one A4 paper (both sides), printed Lecture Notes and slides,
possibly with own annotations, dictionary, any edition of the textbook. - A
general advice: Use the materials wisely, only for remembering some definitions
and facts. Do not waste your exam time by browsing the materials; you won't
find the solutions there.
Link to Period 4 and Previous Exams (Period 1)
Numbers indicate the related book sections. (Note: Chapters have different
numbers in some editions of the book. But it should be easy to recognize this
and find the correct chapters by their titles.)
- Lecture 1 (slides): General
introduction. Notions of algorithm, problem, instance. Modelling of problems.
Pseudocode. Some examples.
- Lecture 2 (slides): Time complexity
and O-notation (2.1-2.4).
- Lecture 3 (slides): Greedy algorithms,
with a detailed example: Minimum Spanning Tree, Kruskal's algorithm (4.5).
Union-find data structure (4.6). Clustering (4.7).
- Lecture 4: Arriving at a greedy algorithm for Interval Scheduling (4.1). About greedy algorithms is general.
- Lecture 5: Weighted Interval
Scheduling (6.1, 6.2). Dynamic programming in detail. Subset Sum and Knapsack (6.4).
- Lecture 6: Sequence Alignment (6.6).
Idea of divide-and-conquer. Special recurrences (5.2).
- Lecture 7: Very briefly about Sorting. A bit of randomness: Median finding (13.5). Counting Inversions (5.3).
Fast Multiplication (5.5).
- Lecture 8: Reductions between
problems, examples: Clique, Independent Set, Vertex Cover (8.1). Complexity
classes P and NP, and NP-completeness (8.3,8.4).
- Lecture 9: Conjunctive normal forms, SAT and 3-SAT (8.2). Reducing 3-SAT to Independent Set (in 8.2). Final remarks
about NP-completeness. (Not a mistake; these notes are short.)
- Lecture 10: Graph traversals (3.2)
with some applications: Connectivity (3.2, 3.5). Bipartiteness, 2-Coloring
(3.4). Directed cycles and Topological Order (3.6).
- Lecture 11: Fast construction of a
topological order (3.6). Shortest and longest paths in acyclic graphs. Network
- Lectures 12-13: (only the "book
topics"): Bipartite Matching (7.5). Interval Partitioning (in 4.1).
Space-efficient Sequence Alignment (6.7). Closest Points (5.4).
Do not confuse them with the assignments. Some of these exercises are discussed
in the sessions. The exercises (except set 1) are taken from the textbook.
Exercise set 1
- Exercise set 2: chapter 4: exercises 3, 4, 5, 7, 13; 1, 2, 8.
- Exercise set 3: chapter 6: exercises 2b, 4c, 5, 6, 10b, 11, 12, 15b.
- Exercise set 4: chapter 6: exercises 18, 14; chapter 5: exercises 1, 3, 5,
7; chapter 2: exercise 8.
- Exercise set 5: chapter 8: exercises 1, 2, 3, 5, 14, 15.
- Exercise set 6: chapter 3: exercises 1, 3, 7, 9, 12.
Times and Places
Monday 8:00-9:45, room HA4
Wednessday 10:00-11:45, room HB3
Monday 10:00-11:45, room EC
Wedneday 13:15-15:00, room EC
Wedneday 15:15-17:00, room EC
The course material consists of parts of the textbook
Jon Kleinberg, Eva Tardos: Algorithm Design.
Pearson/Addison-Wesley 2006, ISBN 0-321-29535-8.
It should be available at Cremona.
Brief Course Description
(See also the syllabus.)
The course provide basic knowledge and methods for the design and analysis of
fast and well-founded (correct) algorithms that solve new problems with the
use of computers. The intuitive notion of time complexity is applied in a
After completion of this course, you should be able to:
This is not a course in programming! The main focus is on the analytical work
that has to be done before writing any line of code, if one wants to solve a
new problem with the help of computers.
- describe algorithms in writing, prove that (and explain why) they are
correct and fast,
- recognize non-trivial computational problems in real-world applications
and formalize them,
- recognize computationally intractable problems,
- apply the main design techniques for efficient algorithms to problems
which are similar to the course examples but new,
- perform the whole development cycle of algorithms: problem analysis, choosing, modifying and combining suitable techniques and data structures, analysis of correctness and complexity, filling in implementation details, looking for possible improvements, etc.,
- perform simple reductions between problems,
- explain what NP completeness means,
- critically assess algorithmic ideas,
- explain why time efficiency and correctness proofs are crucial.
Grades are based on the points in the written exam. Point limits for
grades 3, 4, 5 and G, VG will be announced.
Oral Exercises and Written Assignments
"Tell me and I forget. Show me and I remember. Let me do and I
understand." (attributed to Confucius)
Computational problems in practice rarely occur in nice textbook form. We must
be able to apply techniques to new problem, or adapt and adjust known
algorithms to new variants of known problems. Therefore this course is
problem-oriented. Also the exam will require problem solving.
Moreover, one cannot learn these skills just by listening and reading. It is
important to invest own work and actively solve problems. The course
offers possibilities for that:
Exercises and assignments:
They are voluntary, but it is strongly
recommended to work on these problems as much as you can. Then you will be
in a much better position in the exam. But we also hope that you work on them
because you find them interesting as such.
They are used to discuss and solve problems,
e.g., from the textbook. This is also a place to ask questions about the course
contents and the assignments. We have three identical sessions per week, so you
should choose one of them.
Written solutions to assignments:
Most importantly, train your
ability to explain solutions in written form. Comprehensible writing is not
trivial, and in the exam you must do it - and you want the graders to
understand your solutions. We advise you to submit written solutions to the
assignments. The deadline is always Sunday 23:59. (That is, the
system will close at that time. Of course, you may submit earlier.) All assignments shall be done individually. Discussion is encouraged, but what you
submit must be written in your own words and reflect your own understanding.
Submission details: see below.
Seeking more help:
Feel free to send any questions or to book
consultations by mail. You may also drop by our offices, but we may be busy or
away, therefore it is advisable to make appointments by mail.
The link to the Fire submission system is
First create an account in the Fire system. You do this only once.
As all assignments are individual, you don't have to create a group in Fire.
To create an account: Go to the submission system. Use only the
link on the course homepage. Bookmark it (you will need it again), click on
"Click here to register as a student" and fill in your email address,
preferably the Chalmers address. You will get a mail with a web address. Click
the address, it leads you to a page where you can fill in your data: name,
personal security number, and a password. Spell your name correctly as
"Firstname Surname" (only the most commonly used first name is needed, with big
initial letters) and write your personal number as yymmdd-xxxx with the dash,
i.e., the minus sign. Log on using the account you just created.
To submit a solution: Log on to Fire again. Upload the file(s) that
make up your solution. Finally (easy to forget), press the "submit" button.
Fire will close exactly at the given deadlines, therefore, do not wait until
the last minute.
Solutions should be submitted as PDF files, created with a word processor or latex or by scanning handwritten sheets - provided that they are readable. Your file must contain your names. Send one separate file for each problem.
From the grader you will receive a mail with comments. You can also download
the comments from Fire.